T1 Loutraki, Points of Archaeological Interest
The Diolkos was a paved trackway near Corinth in Ancient Greece which enabled boats to be moved overland across the Isthmus of Corinth.
The shortcut allowed ancient vessels to avoid the long and dangerous circumnavigation of the Peloponnese peninsula.The main function of the Diolkos was the transfer of goods, although in times of war it also became a preferred means of speeding up naval campaigns.
The 6 km to 8.5 km long roadway was a rudimentary form of railway, and operated from 600 BC until the middle of the 1st century AD. The scale on which the Diolkos combined the two principles of the railway and the overland transport of ships remained unique in antiquity.
The Heraion of Perachora was a sanctuary of the goddess Hera situated in a small cove of the Corinthian gulf at the end of the Perachora peninsula. In addition to a temple of Hera of unusual construction and antiquity, the remains of a number of other structures have also been found, including a L-shaped stoa, a large cistern, dining rooms, and a second potential temple.
Loutraki Thermal Spa
The well known from the ancient times healing and beneficial properties of the waters of Loutraki, provided and still provide through the centuries, prevention and treatment for many diseases, musculoskeletal, skin and other diseases of the human body. Since the time of Hippocrates, it was found that hydrotherapy in warm water (30 – 31C0), promotes muscle relaxation reducing sensitivity to pain. While the properties of spa water in conjunction with temperature, decrease the level of stress hormone in humans.
Ancient Ports of Corinth
Corinth had two harbours: Lechaeum on the Corinthian Gulf and Cenchreae on the Saronic Gulf. Lechaeum was the principal port, connected to the city with a set of long walls of about 2 miles (3.2 km) length, and was the main trading station for Italy and Sicily, where there were many Corinthian colonies, while Cenchreae served the commerce with the Eastern Mediterranean. Ships could be transported between the two harbours by means of the diolkos constructed by the tyrant Periander.